Engineered Wood Flooring

Engineered wood flooring comprises several layers of wood stuck together under extremely high pressures. This method of construction helps in creating wooden flooring, which boasts higher strength and durability compared to a solid wooden floor.

Most solid flooring has a tendency to shrink as well as expand. This happens because of room humidity changes, changing room temperature as well as moisture in the sub-floor, because of the unique construction method engineered flooring isn't prone to these problems.

This flooring comprises three different layers - bottom layer, middle core and top layer. The mid core is made from plywood, softwood or even HDF layers and the top layer is hardwood. Its thickness ranges between 0.7 mm to around 6 mm.

 

Construction of Engineered Flooring

Engineered Flooring Construction

Advantages of Engineered Flooring

Easy Installation

Engineered flooring has several advantages, the biggest being easy installation. Using the floating floor method, easy click installation is possible with these products, which is probably the fastest and easiest option. Alternatively tongue and grooves can be stuck together which is an advantage when you are installing your floor on a concrete subfloor. Even floors of thicknesses having 22 mm can provide proper structure and these are nailed into the battens or joists.

Real Wood Top Layer

Because the top layer of engineered floors is real wood there is no compromise in terms of style. When fitted it would take a flooring expert to tell an engineered from a solid wood floor. The top layer varies in thickness from 0.7 mm to around 6 mm and can be finished with a matt lacquer, satin lacquer, oiled, brushed and lacquered, brushed and oiled or age distressed finish.

Learn how to treat engineered flooring with different finishes using these maintenance guides:

Additionally, because engineered wood flooring has a real wood top layer it's possible to treat the boards to create your desired appearance. You can change the shade of the boards by staining or bleaching to make them darker or lighter respectively. You can also age engineered wood to give the impression that the floor has been in place for longer than it has, and to help create a traditional, classic atmosphere.

Structurally Sound

A variety of materials such as hardwood, softwood or HDF can be used for the mid core section, designed to help the flooring retain its shape and stability. There is an additional layer of stabilizing agents provided, of 1 mm thickness. This provides stability and prevents flooring movement because of changes in temperature or humidity.
 

City Metropolitan European Engineered Hazelnut Oak Flooring

City Metropolitan European Family Oak Brushed & Oiled Flooring

Galleria Elite Black Walnut Lacquered Engineered Flooring

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Types of Engineered Wood Flooring

  • Engineered Oak Flooring - Oak trees are a common sight all around Europe and have been used as a material for building and flooring for many centuries. This familiarity and the famous warmth and sturdiness of the material make it not just a tried and tested substance, but one that carries a veneer of warmth and popularity as well as grandeur.It is possible to have treated oak that is so dark it is almost black flooring, there are also alternatives which are very pale white flooring, or various shades in between. Another difference is between oak floors with lots of markings, such as rings, knots and swirls and those with relatively clean surfaces.
  • Engineered Ash Flooring - Engineered ash flooring combines the modern technique of creating beautiful, sturdy and yet easy-to-install engineered floors with the beauty of ash wood. The tree itself is a native of Britain and has been used as a traditional source of building and flooring materials for centuries. Yet the modern application of it loses nothing of the clean, simple beauty of this pale yet highly attractive wood.
  • Engineered Maple Flooring - Maple is a hard and richly coloured species of wood making it a popular choice to for flooring. The shade of maple can range between dark and very light. The lightest shades are cut from the sapwood and provide a strikingly pale surface, perfectly complimenting a contemporary design schemes.
  • Engineered Walnut Flooring - Walnut is known for its rich, dark wood that adds a sophisticated and rustic atmosphere to any room. While there are walnut effect floors in both our laminate and vinyl ranges, the only way to get authentic, real walnut floors is with an engineered floor.
  • Engineered Parquet Flooring - Parquet flooring is installed in a way that creates a distinctive, angular pattern across the surface of the floor. This makes the floor a focal point in any room, drawing attention to its surface detail. UK Flooring Direct have engineered parquet flooring available in the engineered range.

 

Additional Hardwood Information

Is Refinishing Possible?

Most hardwood layers are not refinished, however, this does not mean that it can't be done. The possibility of refinishing depends on the hardwood thickness.
Using high quality techniques all damaged regions are eliminated professionally. As much as 0.5mm thickness can be removed with sanding. However, the upper wear layer should never reduce more than 0.5 mm as you risk damaging your floor.

 

Can It Be Placed Above Underfloor Heating?

Underfloor heating can restrict the type of flooring that you choose because many products should not be installed with it, however with engineered flooring it is possible to have underfloor heating as long as certain guidelines are followed.
Proper heat distribution layers are required so that the temperature is even across the floor and the surface temperature should not rise above 27 degrees celsius. The entire floor needs to be heated and your floor construction should include a vapour barrier close to the wood. There must not be any gaps between the underlying surface and the wood but if you are unsure about anything concerning engineered flooring and underfloor heating then please check our advice centre at the top of the page.

 

Do I Need Flooring Underlay With An Engineered Wood Floor?

Some form of underlay must always be used on an engineered click system product, it supports the joints and prolongs the life of your flooring.
Underlay should also be used if you choose to float a tongue and grooved engineered floor by glueing the joints, if you are fully glueing down then no underlay should be used.
If you are pinning the floor with nails or screws then underlay can be used if you want to, for instance if you want Sound Insulation in the room, or the Leveling Properties, which underlay can provide as well as the Damp Proof flooring membrane (required for a concrete sub-floor).

If you do chose to use underlay then be aware that you will need underlay designed for Use with underfloor Heating.

 

Engineered Wood Flooring Guides

Engineered Flooring FAQ

Engineered Installation Guide

Engineered Maintenance Guide

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Submitted by Jason Ashby, UKFD